Out of the shrubbery into the scrub

On Saturday 26th November 2016 the SGD hosted a conference about the use of shrubs in gardens. I went along hoping to learn the names of some of the multi-stemmed specimen shrubs / small trees we often see in show gardens. Which I did, before the day turned into a rallying cry to designers to think again about shrubs and break free from the New Perennial Movement (which focuses primarily on the use of perennials and grasses).

Cutting to the point

I actually think most gardeners and designers have moved on and are thinking more along the lines of mixed plant communities, but shrubs certainly aren’t in the spotlight. Designers including Sarah Morgan highlighted issues behind unpopularity of shrubs with reasons like a general lack of pruning knowledge. A point I completely agree with – one walk down a street in London will find many examples of shrubs ruined by bad pruning.

Once people understand pruning, shrubs hold tenfold the excitement. For instance, with shrubs that can be hard-pruned you can:

  • Cut back to the ground to keep in scale with low growing plants.
  • Or keep the main stems at 30 – 60cm above the ground to give them more height.
  • Remove lower branches to create a trunk.
  • Grow with a single trunk or multiple stems.
  • Thin them out to create a more open structure to mix with other plants.
  • Simply leave them to go wild.
  • Control when and how they flower.
  • Grow other plants through them.
  • And you can change how you grow them every year.

Learning from natural plant communities

Nigel Dunnett, whose urban designs I admire – he and his team are great at spotting patterns in nature – talked about shrubs’ essential role in plant communities showing examples of natural scrubland.

Here’s a photo I took of scrubland on the harsh sand dunes in Norfolk, an example of mixed beauty in plant communities:

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This did raise the question of what we call a scrubland movement? His suggestion: we’re all scrubbers now! I’ll take that.

Once a scrubber, always a scrubber

The talks made me realise that I am in fact already a scrubber – on reflection, our tiny 6 x 6 metre patio and my designs are packed with more shrubs than I had appreciated.

Here’s Sambucus nigra f. poryphyrophylla ‘Black Lace’ with a dinner plate Dahlia and Hedera.

Sambucus and dahlia

Urban scrubland patios

I grow our patio like scrubland because luckily the gardens surrounding ours have large trees in them, so I added shrubs because I wanted certain plants in the mix, like Buddleia, and also to grade the levels so our garden felt like an alien forest clearing.

Many of the plants in the below photo aren’t in our garden. Tall shrubs and giant Dahlias make it hard to see the boundary.

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I find shrubs fun because the pruning is enjoyable, allowing you to manipulate them to do what you need, plus many flower for months on end.

Shrubs probably have a bad rep for being quite static. In fact, very few of ours are, they grow and change through the year. Here’s a selection of some of the shrubs growing in our tiny little garden:

Shrub innovation

A lady at the end of the conference during the questions section suggested that the event hadn’t pushed shrubs as far as they can go and that we need to do them better justice. I kind of saw her point, but I felt that the event had thrown the gauntlet down to us – now it’s our job as designers and gardeners to show the world what shrubs can do.

I love shrubs, and I’ve seen that others do too.  Please take a look at some of my photo galleries from public gardens to see some interesting uses:

What are you favourite shrubs? Comment below…

East Ruston Old Vicarage, Norfolk

 

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Jack Wallington

I'm an RHS qualified garden designer living in Clapham, London who loves growing plants and designing with them. Follow me on Twitter.

6 thoughts on “Out of the shrubbery into the scrub”

  1. Pittosporum…virtually all varieties I’ve come across just have the essential ingredients! Top Faves are Tom Thumb, which can be pruned into all sorts of shapes…at RYMANS (NGS garden in West Sussex), they are amazing. Top Fave number two is Emerald Green…I have about 5 varieties in my garden, 4 in containers…
    Others: cotoneaster, euonymous, sambucas, eleagnus, melianthus of course…unsung hero lonicera nitida Baggesons Gold…Oh and of course Leycestera. You can also grow eucalyptus as a shrub if you hard prune regularly…
    Nearly forgot cotinus, the dogwoods, loropetalum, indigofera, stachyurus praecox…

    1. You’re a shrub encyclopaedia Claudia! 😀 Lonicera nitida has a big shout out yesterday in one of the best presentations, so I expect to see them cropping up in lots of gardens now!

      I’m designing a garden around the corner from our house and I really want to plant stachyurus and a hamamelis but I think the soil might be a touch alkaline which definitely rules out the witch hazel 🙁

  2. How about Sarcococca? It’s fragrance makes a wander around the garden in winter a delightful and worthwhile experience. I love Sarcococca confusa, but Sarcococca hookeriana var. digyna ‘Purple Stem’ adds year round interest with it’s colourful stems.

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