How to prune a Cordyline australis

Here’s my guide to pruning / pollarding a Cordyline australis: chop it down to whatever height you want and it will grow back. Easy.

That’s it. But I guess I should expand a little bit given there is so little information on the subject.

Why pollard a Cordyline australis?

It’s a good question, why even pollard a Cordyline australis in the first place? Well, I agree, there is no point, the bigger they get the more beautiful they are… usually. I’ve always loved our Cordyline, it seemed to retain its lower leaves in the green better than others I see around. The above picture shows our Cordyline on 29th January 2019, five years after I moved it to this spot and the fateful day I decided to bite the bullet and lop it down.

There were three problems with our Cordyline due to the fact our patio is West facing. Firstly, it is leaning more and more toward the sun to the south, this lean was pulling the roots out of the ground. It’s true I could have erected an elaborate stake and rope scenario to yank it back in place but the second problem is that this position on the south corner of our main border meant it was casting large amounts of shade along the rest of the border. That shade has been causing havoc with all other plants as they stretched for light – made worse by the fact the Cordyline had begun to branch making it wider. The third problem is that these are moisture loving plants, so a large, multi headed tree in full sun would drain this part of the border of more moisture than I would like.

I suppose you could argue that pruning could be useful to encourage the plant to branch sooner and lower but as they grow they naturally branch anyway.

When to prune a Cordyline australis?

The best time is not when I cut it, we live in a microclimate. Wait until spring, around May. This is because Cordylines are slightly tender and the leaves offer the plant some protection from frosts, so it’s best to wait until they’re out of the way. Also because the plant is only in active growth from spring onwards, so cut it in winter (as I did) and you’ll be looking at a log for a few months.

Where to prune a Cordyline australis?

You can chop the Cordyline back to any point you wish and new shoots will form just below the cut. I angled it slightly to let water run off and used a saw, it is incredibly easy to cut through. You could cut right down at the base and it will reshoot, almost always with multiple growing points. As it grows the new stems will morph the old trunk to reduce the unsightliness of the cut.

How does it grow back?

Our Cordyline started showing signs of new growing points in April, these start as green bumps bursting through the barky trunk. Gradually they form points as you can see above. These new shoots are particularly delicious to snails and slugs which kept eating them so I added the copper tape to prevent this from happening. I needn’t really have worried because as the weather warms up the plant goes into overdrive forming new growing points.

Any after care?

Yes, you will need to give it some fertiliser in the form of a compost mulch or liquid seaweed when it’s growing as it has suffered a major loss. Although once the leaves start appearing, it will be back in business, usually with a lot of new shoots.

So vigorous is our tree I’ve counted at least 20 new shoots up and down its stem. Begging the question, which to keep and which to nip off? If I leave them all to grow it will turn into a many headed Hydra creating even more shade than before. All I really want is one new shoot.

The shoots at the base and mid-trunk are easy, I don’t want these so I’ll keep nipping them off. They do keep coming back like whack-a-mole but I’m guessing this will slow once we have a dominant leader shoot again.

At the moment I can’t decide which of the top shoots to keep, whether to have the new leaves growing to the back, front or side. Not that it really matters as they will cover the stump, it’s more for how this slight bias to one side or other will create shade around it. But either way, it’s now two meters lower and for a few years, back below the fence line.

Despite the impression all of this hacking and chopping may give I am doing this because I love the plant. It’s the first plant in our garden, planted by our previous neighbours and friends Jenny, Peter and Cath. It’s such an architectural rock that our garden has felt bereft without it. With shoots growing rapidly by the day however, its presence will soon be back and our garden all the better for it.

Need more help? Ask your question in the community.

31 thoughts on “How to prune a Cordyline australis

    1. Hi Katie, it’s absolutely fine. It put out about 20 shoots all around its trunk. I snapped off all but one of them where I wanted it to grow.
      Jack

  1. Hi Jack
    We have a very tall cordyline which is starting to look very sparse at the top ie just branches with a few leaves. about a third of the way up is a large baby shoot. We are note sure the best way to treat it we want to keep it as tall as possible but also want it to be like it used to be ie lots of leaves
    Any help would be great

    1. Hi Nick, I would leave it for now until early summer to see how it grows… it shouldn’t be losing that many leaves so it doesn’t sound too healthy but they are tough plants, so I expect it should recover.

  2. Hi Jack

    I’ve just decapitated mine which was around 12 ft tall. Fingers crossed it reshoots!

    Are you able to post an updated pic of yours to see how it’s regrowing?

    Thanks

    Jen

    1. Hi Jen,
      Good shout, I will try to remember to take a photo and update it soon! But basically it’s been fine – too fine! It put out about 30 new shoots up and down its trunk! I kept snapping off the ones I didn’t want and it now has a wonderful head of hair again from one shoot at the top. And I’m sure the additional shoots will slow down now it has a new leading shoot doing well. My only advice would be that if you don’t like the stump look, go right the way to the ground and it will soon bounce back from there with a more natural look.
      Good luck with yours!
      Jack

  3. The one I have grown is nice it’s about 12ft high but if I cut it down do I replant the half that I have cut… And it will be OK just smaller next to the one half still in the soil..?

    1. Hi Andrew, no you will only be able to grow back the half in the ground with roots, the top half won’t survive.

  4. Hi Jack( we didnt plant it ), but have a truly huge cordyline that is next to the front door & also blocks the window we keep snipping leaves away to avoid being stabbed every time we walk past but it really needs a massive prune & wouldnt like to lose it altogether but no idea where to start

    1. Hi Julie, When you say being stabbed, are the leaves sharp? If so it will be a yucca not a Cordyline.

      1. Oops sorry jack your obviously dealing with a top gardener here ! Sorry , yes the plant is huge & the ends of the leaves are sharply pointed

        1. No worries at all! It’s worth looking it up as I’ve not hard pruned a yucca but believe they’re even tougher!

  5. Hi Jack
    The cordyline in my garden looks great zany is around 3 mts tall now. Last year it flowered for the first time a live spike full of white flowers and then seeds that birds were very keen on.
    In the past month there were probably some flowers and seeds left but now is just the spike. Should I cut it.
    Sorry another question I have taken away the leaves when they get brown and dry and hang down. Should I do this regularly when leaves start to sleep down even if they are not completely brown and dead?
    Thank you for any advice.
    Best Ingrid

  6. Hi Jack,
    I ordered a cordyline australis verde online and today I received a cordyline indivisa. Is there a big difference between the two and how big will it grow? Also, will need compost/ fertiliser when I plant it?
    Thank you in advance
    Nigel

  7. Hi Jack, I have a great looking 15 year old multi- headed Cordyline (8 heads) and it’s around18’ high. It continually flowers from all the heads every spring but has now also sprouted 3 more shoots off the main trunk about 5 feet up from ground level. They are now about 8” long. I don’t really want anymore branches but its always seemed to be a very healthy tree and was wondering if you can advise if it’s possible to cut the shoots off close to the trunk, stick them in some potting compost and grow them on in the same way as if they were suckers out from the root? Many thanks.

  8. Hi Jack
    Can you root prune a cordyline that is planted in a pot? I’ve got one in a ceramic pot and you can see some roots around the top of the soil line. I assume if I remove it from the pot it will be full of roots. I really don’t want to put it into a larger pot, as it matches others in the garden, but not sure whether trimming the roots down a little will kill it.
    Thanks

  9. hi jack how do you stop a coreadylia from growing any bigger. I dont want it too tall so i cannot maintain it.

  10. hi jack my coreadylia is six feet high and i do not want it to grow any taller. Please can you help me?

  11. Hi Jack I have a 20 year old cordyline which is around 20 foot tall with many branches and flowering pods at the top. There is also a well established branch coming off the main trunk about 8 foot up from the ground which I would like to saw off to keep it from growing outwards so low down. Can I just saw this off without killing the tree? Many thanks Mark

  12. Hi Jack, great write up above. So thanks for that. I’m struggling with one of these trees, we’ve relocated a 20’ tree from a neighbours garden to mine, all the top of the tree has turned from green to brown and I feel we are losing it. What would you recommend doing with it, keeping up the watering etc? Or trimming it down for new growth? Thanks

  13. I have a palm tree in the middle of my garden, it’s about 12feet tall all the leaves lately are starting to fall off I hope it’s not dying because it was planted the year of the very bad snow but it survived and is almost 10 years old how to get it back to health. If it is dying.

  14. I have inherited three cordylines which are very bushy and close to the ground. Is there any way of ‘training’ them to grow upwards instead of outwards? Thanks

  15. Hi Jack
    First caveat – I know nothing about cordylines !
    We moved to this house on the east coast of Scotland about 41/2 years ago and in front there were 2 massive “ palm” trees as well as lots of overgrown bushes . We had everything cleared out as the trees were too close to the windows and the tree surgeon said the “palm trees “ were actually cordylines.
    Anyway , one seems to be regrowing as a bush. Just green leaves and no trunk at all . I quite like it looking like that . I don’t want it to grow any higher. Should I keep cutting down to ground level and if so how often and when ?

    1. Hi Nina, yes keep cutting it down to maintain that. Perhaps every few years or whenever they get too big.

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